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2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Systematic Reviews

Systematic Review Question

What is the relationship between consumption of plant omega-3 fatty acids and risk of cardiovascular disease?

Conclusion Statement

Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) intake of 0.6-1.2 percent of total calories will meet current recommendations and may lower cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, but new evidence is insufficient to warrant greater intake beyond this level. Limited, but supportive evidence suggests that higher intake of n-3 from plant sources may reduce mortality among persons with existing CVD.

2010 DGAC Grade: Limited