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Dietary Patterns Systematic Reviews

Systematic Review Question

What is the relationship between adherence to dietary guidelines/recommendations or specific dietary patterns, assessed using an index or score, and measures of body weight or obesity?

Conclusion Statement

There is moderate evidence that, in adults, increased adherence to dietary patterns scoring high in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, unsaturated oils, and fish; low in total meat, saturated fat, cholesterol, sugar-sweetened foods and drinks, and sodium; and moderate in dairy products and alcohol is associated with more favorable outcomes related to body weight or risk of obesity, with some reports of variation based on gender, race, or body weight status.

Grade: II - Moderate