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2015 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Systematic Reviews

Systematic Review Question

What is the relationship between acculturation, dietary intake, and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)?

Conclusion Statement

No conclusion can be drawn regarding the relationship between acculturation to the United States and the risk of CVD. This is due to the small number of studies, wide variation in methodology used to assess acculturation, and limited representation of ethnic groups in the body of evidence. Very limited evidence from a small number of cross-sectional studies conducted in Latino/Hispanic populations suggest a positive relationship between language acculturation and elevation in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and no relationship between acculturation and blood pressure. Insufficient evidence is available for other race/ethnic populations and among children for these outcomes and other CVD outcomes.

2015 DGAC Grade: Grade Not Assignable