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2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Systematic Reviews

Systematic Review Question

What is the effect of dietary intake of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) on health and intermediate health outcomes?

Conclusion Statement

Strong evidence indicates that dietary monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) are associated with improved blood lipids related to both cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2D), when they are a replacement for dietary saturated fatty acids (SFA). The evidence shows that five percent energy replacement of SFA with MUFA decreases intermediate markers and the risk of CVD and T2D in healthy adults and improves insulin responsiveness in insulin resistant and T2D subjects.

2010 DGAC Grade: Strong