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2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Systematic Reviews

Systematic Review Question

What are the effects of the maternal dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acids from seafood on breast milk composition and infant health outcomes?

Conclusion Statement

Moderate evidence indicates that increased maternal dietary intake of long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), in particular docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) from at least two servings of seafood per week, during pregnancy and lactation is associated with increased DHA levels in breast milk and improved infant health outcomes, such as visual acuity and cognitive development.

2010 DGAC Grade: Moderate