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2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Systematic Reviews

Systematic Review Question

How are non-caloric sweeteners related to energy intake and body weight?

Conclusion Statement

Moderate evidence shows that using non-caloric sweeteners will affect energy intake only if they are substituted for higher calorie foods and beverages. A few observational studies reported that individuals who use non-caloric sweeteners are more likely to gain weight or be heavier. This does not mean that non-caloric sweeteners cause weight gain, rather that they are more likely to be consumed by overweight and obese individuals.

2010 DGAC Grade: Moderate