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2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Systematic Reviews

Systematic Review Question

Are low-carbohydrate (less than 45%) hypocaloric diets safe and effective for long-term (more than six months) weight loss or maintenance?

Conclusion Statement

A moderate body of evidence demonstrates that diets with less than 45% of calories as carbohydrates are not more successful for long-term weight loss (12 months). There is also some evidence that they may be less safe. In shorter-term studies, low-calorie, high-protein diets may result in greater weight loss, but these differences are not sustained over time.

2010 DGAC Grade: Moderate