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2010 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Systematic Reviews

Systematic Review Question

In adults, what is the relationship between the intake of vegetables and fruits, not including juice, and cardiovascular disease?

Conclusion Statement

Consistent evidence suggests at least a moderate inverse relationship between vegetable and fruit consumption with myocardial infarction and stroke, with significantly larger, positive effects noted above five servings of vegetables and fruits per day. Notwithstanding prior work on dietary patterns that emphasize vegetables and fruits, insufficient evidence published since 2004 is available to assess the independent relationship between vegetable and fruit intake and blood pressure or serum cholesterol.

2010 DGAC Grade: Moderate